Glaucoma develops when pressure builds up in your eye and can lead to blindness if left untreated. At his offices in Chiefland and Gainesville, Florida, expert ophthalmologist Maher Fanous, MD, and his North Florida Eye Center team provide the highest quality care to patients with glaucoma. They also offer screening exams to detect glaucoma in its earliest stages. To arrange your glaucoma exam, call North Florida Eye Center or schedule a consultation online today.
Glaucoma affects the optic nerves at the back of your eyes. These nerves transmit information from your eye to your brain, which your brain then interprets to provide you with sight.
Glaucoma damages the optic nerve fibers. As a result, fluid builds up in your eyes, creating pressure and leading to blind spots and vision loss.
During its early stages, glaucoma doesn’t cause symptoms. Still, as the disease progresses, you might develop:
To prevent glaucoma from causing irreversible damage, it’s essential to attend regular eye exams at North Florida Eye Center. You should also visit your eye doctor if you develop glaucoma symptoms between routine exams.
Anyone can get glaucoma, but it’s more likely to affect those with certain risk factors, which include:
You can reduce your risk of glaucoma by adopting healthy lifestyle habits, protecting your eyes, and managing chronic diseases like diabetes properly.
Your North Florida Eye Center doctor recommends treatment depending on how advanced your glaucoma is. Options include:
Initial glaucoma treatment usually involves using eye drops. These drops contain medication that reduces the pressure inside your eyes.
If eye drops alone aren’t reducing the pressure in your eyeballs, your doctor may also prescribe oral medications.
Laser surgery is an option for patients whose glaucoma medications don’t work. Light energy in the laser beam opens up clogged channels in the eyes that prevent fluid drainage and lead to pressure building up.
Glaucoma surgery might be necessary if medications and laser therapies don’t work or less invasive procedures aren’t suitable for you. The North Florida Eye Center team uses MIGS (minimally invasive glaucoma surgery) techniques to minimize tissue damage where possible.
Some MIGS procedures improve your eye’s natural fluid outflow, while others shunt fluid to the outside of your eye or reduce eye fluid production. The team performs some MIGS procedures at the same time as cataract surgery.
To learn more about glaucoma treatments and arrange a screening, call North Florida Eye Center today or request an appointment online.